The previous post on quantization dealt with binning a continuous variable into a small number of discrete categories. But sometimes the source data is already discrete, for example when the data are counts (e.g. counts of spikes emitted by a neuron within a certain time window). Sometimes the raw...

In my work I make heavy use of mutual information. One interpretation of mutual information is as (with a sample size dependent scale factor) the effect size for a likelihood-ratio test of independence. This is similar to a Chi-squared test of independence; in fact the chi-squared test...